|What it is: An open-source, interpretive, server-side,
cross-platform, HTML scripting language, especially well-suited for Web
development as it can be embedded into HTML pages.
Why you should learn it: It's particularly widely used. "High-speed
scripting with caching, augmented with compiled code plug-ins (such as
can be done with Perl and PHP) is where the future is. Building Web
apps from scratch using C or COBOL is going the way of the dinosaur,"
Job availabilities: 1,152*
What it is: A general-purpose, compiled, object-oriented
programming language developed by Microsoft as part of its .NET
initiative, it evolved from C and C++
Why you should learn it: It's an essential part of the .Net
framework. "Learning C#, which is just Java with a different name
plate, is critical if you heavily use Microsoft," said Duquaine.
Job availabilities: 5,111
What it is: Though technically not a programming language, AJAX
Why you should learn it: Ever since Google Maps put AJAX, well, on
the map, the requests for AJAX-knowledgeable pros went through the
roof. "The demand for AJAX knowledge is huge because it's so damned
hard to learn," said Huckaby. Of note, Microsoft announced recently
plans to release a tool named Atlas that will make AJAX easier to
implement. "If Microsoft's Atlas tool is successful, it would bring the
extreme complexity and annoyance of AJAX to the average worker," said
Job availabilities : 1,106
object-oriented, scripting programming language that runs in the Web
browser on the client side. It's smaller than Java, with a simplified
set of commands, easier to code and doesn't have to be compiled.
Why you should learn it: Embedded into HTML, it's used in millions
of Web pages to validate forms, create cookies, detect browsers and
improve the design. With its simplicity to learn as well as wide use,
it's considered a great bang for your educational buck.
Job availabilities: 4,406
What it is: Perl is an open-source, cross-platform, server-side
interpretive programming language used extensively to process text
through CGI programs.
Why you should learn it: Perl's power in processing of piles of
text has made it very popular and widely used to write Web server
programs for a range of tasks. "Learning some form of scripting
language, such as Perl or PHP is critical if you are doing Web apps,"
Job availabilities: 4,810
What it is: A standardized, general-purpose programming
language, it's one of the most pervasive languages and the basis for
several others (such as C++).
Why you should learn it: "Learning C is crucial. Once you learn C,
making the jump to Java or C# is fairly easy, because a lot of the
syntax is common. Also, a lot of C syntax is used in scripting
languages," said Duquaine.
Job availabilities: 6,164, including all derivatives
7. Ruby and Ruby on Rails
What they are: Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented, open-source
programming language; Ruby on Rails is an open-source Web application
framework written in Ruby that closely follows the MVC
Why you should learn it: With a focus on simplicity, productivity
and letting the computers do the work, in a few years, its usage has
spread quickly. As a bonus, many find it easy to learn.
Job availabilities : 210 and 54, respectively
What it is: An object-oriented programming language developed
by James Gosling and colleagues at Sun Microsystems in the early 1990s.
Why you should learn it: Hailed by many developers as a "beautiful"
language, it is central to the non-.Net programming experience.
"Learning Java is critical if you are non-Microsoft," said Duquaine.
Job availabilities: 14,408
What it is: An interpreted, dynamically object-oriented,
open-source programming language that utilizes automatic memory
Why you should learn it: Designed to be a highly readable,
minimalist language, many say it has a sense of humor (spam and eggs,
rather than foo and bar), Python is used extensively by Google as well
as in academia because of its syntactic simplicity.
Job availabilities: 811
10. VB.Net (Visual Basic .Net)
What it is: An object-oriented language implemented on Microsoft's .Net framework.
Why you should learn it: Most argue that VB.Net is currently more
popular than ever and one of the only "must-learns." "It is currently
dominating in adoption and that is where all the work is," said
Job availabilities: 2,090